To assess your child’s development, your pediatrician performs various evaluations during your child’s wellness exam to measure developmental milestones. Any ongoing minor or major delay in these milestones may indicate a developmental delay. At Center of Excellence in Pediatric Neurology, board-certified pediatric neurologist Ashutosh Raina, MD, specializes in the diagnosis and management of developmental delays. To get answers to your questions and help for your child, call the office in Rocklin or Sacramento, California, or request an appointment online today.
A developmental delay occurs when your child doesn’t reach a developmental milestone. The delay may be minor or major, but it’s an ongoing problem. If your child is temporarily lagging behind, that isn’t considered a developmental delay.
A developmental delay may be the result of an underlying genetic condition, such as Down syndrome, or develop due to complications during pregnancy or birth. However, in most cases, the cause of a developmental delay isn’t known.
Developmental delays may affect many areas, including language, thinking skills, or social interactions. Some of the types of developmental delays include:
Cognitive delays affect a child’s thinking skills and may not be apparent until your child starts school.
Speech delays may include your child’s inability to understand words or concepts (receptive speech delay) or limited vocabulary or sentence structure for their age (expressive language delay). It’s not uncommon for children with speech delays to have delays in both receptive and expressive language.
Motor delays refer to a lag in the development of fine (small muscle groups) or gross (large muscle groups) motor skills. Fine motor delays may include difficulty grasping objects, such as a bottle, or using a pencil. Gross motor delays include an infant’s inability to turn over or an older child’s difficulty in walking upstairs.
Social, emotional, and behavioral delays include children with autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Dr. Raina specializes in developmental delays in children and conducts a comprehensive evaluation of your child. He may request diagnostic tests to determine the underlying cause, such as bloodwork, urinalysis, diagnostic imaging, or specialized computer testing.
Based on the results of his evaluation, he can devise a treatment plan aimed at helping your child reach their developmental milestones.
Treatment for developmental delays is individualized based on the type of developmental delay your child has. Treatment may include:
For some developmental delays, such as ADHD, medication may also be recommended.
To understand your child’s developmental delay and get the help your child needs, contact Center of Excellence in Pediatric Neurology by calling the office or requesting an appointment online today.